This research aims to study the concept of Vipalasa presented in the books of Theravada Buddhism. This research taps into correlations between Vipalasa's and lives, Vipalassa in terms of mental health and spiritual disease, and finding methods to improve mental problems accordingly.
The author conduct research from multiple primary sources, yet mainly from Tipitaka (the Buddhist Scripture) and its commentary used. Other secondary sources were books, research articles, and opinion pieces written by highly respectable Buddhist scholars and psychological scholars.
The research findings indicate the meaning of absurdity (Vipalasa) which covering mental disorders and mental health mentioned by physicians. According to Buddhism, common people (Puthuchana) are regarded as one who is lustful and one with spiritual disease. Vipalasa is mentioned as being bad spiritual health that leads to an opportunity to become Vipalasa in both engagements; mind and understanding (Ditthi). From definition, one who has good mindful health without spiritual disease do not have Vipalasa, and one who wants to have good mental health must defend spiritual disease and ormit Vipalasa.
Understand Vipalasa in Buddhism context not only will generate crucial benefits for implementing method to protect mental disorders, but it also will provide method to support people spiritually in Theravada's ways.